Ancient hydraulic works

Nympaeum of Amathus

Hydrosystem:Cyprus Island
Use: Urban Water Supply
Construction era: Archaic
Types: Tunnel
Operation era: Archaic
Location: Cyprus - Amathus
  • C. A. Kambanellas: Historical Development of water supply in Cyprus,Evolution of Water Supply through the Millennia, London, 2012

In the beginning, Nympaeum of Amathus was a natural cave with water spring, inside the hill. Then, the cave was extended and a tunnel with a length of 120 m, a width of 2.5 m and a height of 4 m, was constructed. The tunnel was constructed through the rocks and in the center of the tunnel, on the roof, was a ventilation shaft of 1m x 1m. The tunnel was abandoned after the earthquakes of 15 BC and 76/77 BC and was replaced by fountain and reservoirs.

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