Ancient hydraulic works

Pleurona Great cistern

Use: Urban Water Supply
Construction era: Hellenistic
Types: Cistern
Operation era:
Location: Greece - Pleurona
  • M, Diamanti and I. Kalavrouziotis: Water Resources Management and Natural Environment Changes in Ancient Pleurona, Greece, IWA Specialized Conference on Water and Wastewater Technologies in Ancient Civilizations, Turkey 2012

The Ancient city of Pleurona is situated in the region of Aitolokarnania, near the rivers Achellos and Evinos. The Great Cistern of Pleurona had a trapezoid shape, which measures 21.5x12.3 m and a depth of 7.2 m, with a capacity of 2500 m3. The cistern was separated by four stone walls in five uneven compartments, built with the pseudo-isodomic system. The cistern was covered with a tile roof, except the smaller compartment which was covered with a stone slab. The walls, in order to relieve hydraulic pressure, had small square openings unevenly distributed. The west face of each wall had lamps randomly distributed and the east face had an even surface. The two northern walls had two large triangular openings and the two southern walls had three. North of the cistern were two reservoirs, which were used as settling tanks and bath complex. The cistern and the reservoirs were connected with a covered flow canal, which was carrying water from a spring on a hillside to the north.

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