Ancient hydraulic works

Hadrianean aqueduct

Use: Urban Water Supply
Construction era: Roman
Types: Aqueduct
Operation era: Roman
Location: Greece - Athens

It was the first big water supply work in Athens. The construction started in the 134 AD and finished in the 140 AD. The main purpose of the aqueduct was the water supply of the roman quarter of Athens that was named as “the city of Adrianos” and covered the nowadays Zappeion park, from Kallimarmaron up to the parliament. It was an underground tunnel with a total length of 25 km that was dug with hands, possibly of slaves, which had used simple tools for the sculpturing of the stone. The aqueduct was designed to collect water along the length of the lining with many water drilling works such as wells connected to the aqueduct with underground tunnels or small aqueducts that transported water from other springs. Secondary aqueducts were the aqueducts of Halandri, of Kokkinara , of Kithara and Monomati. The Adreanean aqueduct started from the area of Tatoi and transported water to the stone made aqueduct that was constructed from the on the foothills of Licabetus hill, the Adreianeio tank, volume of 500 m3. The aqueduct and the tank functioned with no changes supplying water to the city of Athens up to the era of Turkish domination. Then the aqueduct was abandoned resulting in the wreckage of its unsound paries and in the blockage from mucks. Therefore it came to disuse as well as the tank.

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