Ancient hydraulic works

Vourina fountain

Use: Urban Water Supply
Construction era: Mycanean
Types: Fountain
Operation era: Mycanean
Location: Greece - Kos island
  • V.S. Hatzivassiliou and I.K.Papaeftychiou, The Ancient Spring of Vourina on the Island of Cos in the Dodecanese, Greece: a Historical and Morphological Approach, 1st IWA International Symposium on WATER AND WASTEWATER TECHNOLOGIES IN ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS, edited by A. N. Angelakis and D. Koutsoyiannis, Greece, 281-288, 2006.

Vourina fountain is interesting as a managerial work of the spring water and constructed mainly from megaliths without the use of plaster with an extraordinary aesthetical and structural result. It is also worthwhile mentioning its eternal use throughout the centuries and the continuous water supply of the city of Kos until nowadays. The inhabitants were supplied with the drinkable water from the taps placed at several parts of the town and in few houses. Nowadays the fountain still supplies, among with other fountains, the town of Kos. It is located at the northeast hills of Dikaio at a height of 320 m, with a view towards the east Aegean Sea and at a distance of about 5 km from Smirni. Three openings of small dimensions scattered on the hill on an area of about 100 m2 with a different orientation and with different levels make evident its existence. The entrance at the fountain is created by three sculptured rocks located with the system column onto beam. The arched structure where the fountain is located has a diameter of 3,20 m, circumstance of 10 m and height of 7 m until the opening for the lighting and the ventilation that is at the top of the vault. The tunnel that leads to the fountain is 30 m long, 2 m high and 70cm -1m wide. The auxiliary chamber connects with the vaulted structure via a small opening that is in the middle of the 7 m height. The water comes from an opening of the rock to pour into a rock pond continuing across the tunnel into a sculptured waterway in the past and with additional piping nowadays. The fountain is dated in a wide chronological range from the era of the descending of Pelasgus 35 centuries ago up to the Mycenaenean and Hellenistic era. The hypothesis that Vourina fountain is a Mycenaenean construction is amplified by its basic constructional parts.

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