D Papalexis, Prediction and identification of hydrological drought and water scarsity using statistical indices, MSc thesis, 477 pages, October 2013.
The droughts are recurrent natural phenomena of climate variability that have plagued civilizations throughout history. Due to the increased water demand and the looming climate change, it has been given emphasis the recent years on global drought scenarios. As natural hazard, drought is best characterized by multiple climatological and hydrological parameters. The understanding of the relation between the aforementioned two parameters is absolutely necessary to develop mitigation measures of the impacts of droughts. In this study, the drought definitions are firstly given. Then, it attempts to provide a statistical method on the prediction of hydrological droughts. Moreover a classification of droughts, drought indices and historical droughts are presented.
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