A resilience assessment method for urban water systems

C. Makropoulos, D. Nikolopoulos, L. Palmen, S. Kools, A. Segrave, D. Vries, S. Koop, H. J. van Alphen, E. Vonk, P. van Thienen, E. Rozos, and G. Medema, A resilience assessment method for urban water systems, Urban Water Journal, 15 (4), 316–328, doi:10.1080/1573062X.2018.1457166, 2018.



Infrastructure planning for Urban Water Systems (UWSs) is challenged by, inter alia, increasing uncertainty in both demand and availability of water and aging infrastructure, and this is already impacting the climate-proofing of cities. In this context, the idea of resilience has been gradually embraced by the water sector, but the term itself is not yet universally defined, nor operationalised. Here, we propose a methodology to assess the resilience of a UWS, defining it as the degree to which the UWS continues to perform under increasing stress. A resilience assessment method is then proposed as a ‘stress-test’ of UWS configurations, under increasingly more stressful scenarios. We then demonstrate a toolbox assembled for the proposed analysis using, as a proof of concept, a semi-synthetic case study. Results are promising, suggesting that the approach could assist in the uptake and evolution of resilience thinking in strategic water infrastructure decision making, leading to water-wiser cities.

Full text is only available to the NTUA network due to copyright restrictions


UWOT Demo: The WaterCity is available at: http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1194795

Our works that reference this work:

1. D. Nikolopoulos, H. J. van Alphen, D. Vries, L. Palmen, S. Koop, P. van Thienen, G. Medema, and C. Makropoulos, Tackling the “new normal”: A resilience assessment method applied to real-world urban water systems, Water, 11 (2), 330, doi:10.3390/w11020330, 2019.
2. C. Makropoulos, and D. Savic, Urban hydroinformatics: past, present and future, Water, 11 (10), 1959, doi:10.3390/w11101959, 2019.
3. I. Koutiva, and C. Makropoulos, Exploring the effects of alternative water demand management strategies using an agent-based model, Water, 11 (11), 2216, doi:10.3390/w11112216, 2019.
4. D. Nikolopoulos, G. Moraitis, D. Bouziotas, A. Lykou, G. Karavokiros, and C. Makropoulos, Cyber-physical stress-testing platform for water distribution networks, Journal of Environmental Engineering, 146 (7), 04020061, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0001722, 2020.
5. G. Moraitis, D. Nikolopoulos, D. Bouziotas, A. Lykou, G. Karavokiros, and C. Makropoulos, Quantifying failure for critical water Infrastructures under cyber-physical threats, Journal of Environmental Engineering, 146 (9), doi:10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0001765, 2020.
6. D. Nikolopoulos, A. Ostfeld, E. Salomons, and C. Makropoulos, Resilience assessment of water quality sensor designs under cyber-physical attacks, Water, 13 (5), 647, doi:10.3390/w13050647, 2021.
7. A. Efstratiadis, P. Dimas, G. Pouliasis, I. Tsoukalas, P. Kossieris, V. Bellos, G.-K. Sakki, C. Makropoulos, and S. Michas, Revisiting flood hazard assessment practices under a hybrid stochastic simulation framework, Water, 14 (3), 457, doi:10.3390/w14030457, 2022.
8. A. Efstratiadis, and G.-K. Sakki, Revisiting the management of water-energy systems under the umbrella of resilience optimization, e-Proceedings of the 5th EWaS International Conference, Naples, 596–603, 2022.
9. A. Efstratiadis, and G.-K. Sakki, Revisiting the management of water–energy systems under the umbrella of resilience optimization, Environmental Sciences Proceedings, 21 (1), 72, doi:10.3390/environsciproc2022021072, 2022.
10. G. Moraitis, G.-K. Sakki, G. Karavokiros, D. Nikolopoulos, P. Kossieris, I. Tsoukalas, and C. Makropoulos, Exploring the cyber-physical threat landscape of water systems: A socio-technical modelling approach, Water, 15 (9), 1687, doi:10.3390/w15091687, 2023.
11. E. Boucoyiannis, P. Kossieris, V. Bellos, A. Efstratiadis, and C. Makropoulos, A grey-box approach in the optimization of regulation structures used in urban-water conveyance systems, Urban Water Journal, 21 (4), 483–497, doi:10.1080/1573062X.2024.2312510, 2024.