Integrating groundwater models within a decision support system

I. Nalbantis, E. Rozos, G. M. T. Tentes, A. Efstratiadis, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Integrating groundwater models within a decision support system, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of European Water Resources Association: "Water Resources Management in the Era of Transition", edited by G. Tsakiris, Athens, 279–286, European Water Resources Association, 2002.



An attempt is made to integrate groundwater models within a decision support system (DSS) called Hydronomeas, which is designed to assist large multi-reservoir system (MRS) management. This will help managing conjunctive use schemes. The DSS is currently used for the water supply of Athens, Greece. The simulated system is the Boeoticos Kephisos River Basin and its underlying karst. The karst supplies irrigation water locally as well as drinking water to Athens. Furthermore, the basin's surface outflows account for most of the inflow into Lake Yliki, one of the three main reservoirs of the Athens MRS. Three models of different levels of complexity are tested. The first model is a multi-cell model that simulates surface flows within the basin coupled to subsurface flows. The second model is a conceptually-based lumped model while the third model is a pre-existing distributed groundwater model based on the MODFLOW package. Tests with various management scenarios allow drawing conclusions regarding model efficiency and suitability for use within a DSS.

PDF Full text:


Our works referenced by this work:

1. I. Nalbantis, and D. Koutsoyiannis, A parametric rule for planning and management of multiple reservoir systems, Water Resources Research, 33 (9), 2165–2177, doi:10.1029/97WR01034, 1997.
2. I. Nalbantis, Water Resources, Evaluation of Management of the Water Resources of Sterea Hellas - Phase 3, Report 35, 54 pages, Department of Water Resources, Hydraulic and Maritime Engineering – National Technical University of Athens, Athens, January 1999.
3. D. Koutsoyiannis, A generalized mathematical framework for stochastic simulation and forecast of hydrologic time series, Water Resources Research, 36 (6), 1519–1533, doi:10.1029/2000WR900044, 2000.
4. I. Nalbantis, and E. Rozos, A system for the simulation of the hydrological cycle in the Boeoticos Kephisos basin, Modernisation of the supervision and management of the water resource system of Athens, Report 10, 72 pages, Department of Water Resources, Hydraulic and Maritime Engineering – National Technical University of Athens, Athens, December 2000.
5. D. Koutsoyiannis, A. Efstratiadis, and G. Karavokiros, A decision support tool for the management of multi-reservoir systems, Proceedings of the Integrated Decision-Making for Watershed Management Symposium, Chevy Chase, Maryland, doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3528.9848, US Environmental Protection Agency, Duke Power, Virginia Tech, 2001.

Our works that reference this work:

1. E. Rozos, A. Efstratiadis, I. Nalbantis, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Calibration of a semi-distributed model for conjunctive simulation of surface and groundwater flows, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 49 (5), 819–842, doi:10.1623/hysj.49.5.819.55130, 2004.
2. A. Efstratiadis, I. Nalbantis, A. Koukouvinos, E. Rozos, and D. Koutsoyiannis, HYDROGEIOS: A semi-distributed GIS-based hydrological model for modified river basins, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 12, 989–1006, doi:10.5194/hess-12-989-2008, 2008.
3. I. Nalbantis, A. Efstratiadis, E. Rozos, M. Kopsiafti, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Holistic versus monomeric strategies for hydrological modelling of human-modified hydrosystems, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15, 743–758, doi:10.5194/hess-15-743-2011, 2011.

Other works that reference this work (this list might be obsolete):

1. #Dentinho, T.P., R. Minciardi, M. Robba, R. Sacile & V. Silva, Impacts of agriculture and dairy farming on groundwater quality: an optimization problem. In: Voinov, A. et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the iEMSs 3rd Biennial Meeting, Burlington, USA, 2006.
2. #Giupponi, C., Sustainable Management of Water Resources: An Integrated Approach, 361 pages, Edward Elgar Publishing (ISBN 1845427459), 2006.
3. #Barlebo, H.C. (ed.), State-of-the-art report with users’ requirements for new IWRM tools, NeWater,, 2006.
4. #Dentinho, T. et al, The architecture of a decision support system (DSS) for groundwater quality preservation in Terceira Island (Azores), Integrated Water Management: Practical Experiences and Case Studies, P. Meire et al. (eds.), Springer, 2007.
5. #Lowry, T. S., S. A. Pierce, V. C. Tidwell, and W. O. Cain, Merging spatially variant physical process models under an optimized systems dynamics framework, Technical Report, Sandia National Laboratories, 67 p., 2007.
6. Bandani, E. and M. A. Moghadam, Application of groundwater mathematical model for assessing the effects of Galoogah dam on the Shooro aquifer, Iran, European Journal of Scientific Research, 54 (4), 499-511, 2011.
7. Golchin, I., M. A. Moghaddam and N. Asadi, Numerical study of groundwater flow in Iranshahr plain aquifer, Iran, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 8 (5), 975-983, 2011.
8. #Minciardi, R., M. Robba, and R. Sacile, Environmental Decision Support Systems for soil pollution control and prevention, Soil Remediation, L. Aachen and P. Eichmann (eds.), Chapter 2, 45-85, Nova Science Publishers, 2011.
9. #Pierce, S. a., J. M. Sharp Jr, and D. J. Eaton, Decision support systems and processes for groundwater, Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges, A. J. Jakeman, O. Barreteau, R. J. Hunt, J.-D. Rinaudo, A. Ross (editors), 639-665, Springer, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-23576-9_25, 2016.

Tagged under: Groundwater, Hydrological models