A parametric rule for planning and management of multiple reservoir systems

I. Nalbantis, and D. Koutsoyiannis, A parametric rule for planning and management of multiple reservoir systems, Water Resources Research, 33 (9), 2165–2177, doi:10.1029/97WR01034, 1997.



A parametric rule for multireservoir system operation is formulated and tested. It is a generalization of the well-known space rule to simultaneously account for various system operating goals in addition to the standard goal of avoiding unnecessary spills, including: avoidance of leakage losses, avoidance of conveyance problems, taking into account the impacts of the reservoir system topology, and assuring satisfaction of secondary uses. Theoretical values of the rule's parameters for each one of these isolated goals are derived. In practice, parameters are evaluated to optimize one or more objective functions selected by the user. The rule is embedded in a simulation model so that optimization requires repeated simulations of the system operation with specific values of the parameters each time. The rule is tested on the case of the multireservoir water supply system of the city of Athens, Greece, which is driven by all of the operating goals listed above. Two problems at the system design level are tackled. First, the total release from the system is maximized for a selected level of failure probability. Second, the annual operating cost is minimized for given levels of water demand and failure probability. A detailed simulation model is used in the case study. Sensitivity analysis to the rule's parameters revealed a subset of insensitive parameters that allowed for rule simplification. Finally, the rule is validated through comparison with a number of heuristic rules also applied to the test case.

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See also: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/97WR01034

Our works referenced by this work:

1. D. Koutsoyiannis, and Th. Xanthopoulos, Reliability and safety of the water resource system of Athens, Workshop for the perspectives of resolving the water supply problem of Athens, edited by D. Koutsoyiannis, 91–100, doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.1980.6968, G. Fountas, 1990.
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Our works that reference this work:

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10. A. Efstratiadis, Simulation and optimization of the management of the water resource system of Athens, 28 pages, Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering – National Technical University of Athens, Athens, January 2012.
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Tagged under: Course bibliography: Water Resources Management, Hydrosystems, Optimization