Wastewater management in the Minoan civilization

A. N. Angelakis, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Wastewater management in the Minoan civilization, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Ancient Greek Technology, 551–556, doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3270.9367, Technical Chamber of Greece, Athens, 2005.



Archaeological and other evidence indicate that, during the Middle Bronze Age, advanced water management and sanitary techniques were practised in Minoan settlements. These include the construction and use of bathrooms and other sanitary and purgatory facilities, as well as wastewater and storm sewer systems. The hydraulic and architectural function of sewer systems in palaces and cities are regarded as one of the salient characteristics of the Minoan civilization. These systems were so advanced that can be compared with the modern systems, which were established only in the second half of the 19th century in European and American cities.

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See also: http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3270.9367

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Other works that reference this work (this list might be obsolete):

1. #Panagiotakis, N., Water management in the Pediada region in Central Crete, Greece, through time, Proc. 1st IWA International Symposium on Water and Wastewater Technologies in Ancient Civilizations, Iraklio, 271-280, 2006.
2. #Antoniou, G. P., G. Lyberatos, E. I. Kanetaki, A. Kaiafa, K. Voudouris and A. N. Angelakis, History of urban wastewater and stormwater sanitation technologies in Hellas, Evolution of Sanitation and Wastewater Technologies through the Centuries, ed. by A.N. Angelakis and J.B. Rose, 99-146, IWA Publishing, London, 2014.