Stochastic analysis and simulation of hydrometeorological processes for optimizing hybrid renewable energy systems

C. Ioannou, G. Tsekouras, A. Efstratiadis, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Stochastic analysis and simulation of hydrometeorological processes for optimizing hybrid renewable energy systems, Proceedings of the 2nd Hellenic Concerence on Dams and Reservoirs, Athens, Zappeion, doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3787.0327, Hellenic Commission on Large Dams, 2013.



The drawbacks of conventional energy sources including their negative environmental impacts emphasize the need to integrate renewable energy sources into the energy balance. However, the renewable sources strongly depend on time varying and uncertain hydrometeorological processes, including wind speed, sunshine duration and solar radiation. To study the design and management of hybrid energy systems we investigate the stochastic properties of these natural processes, including possible long-term persistence. We use wind speed and sunshine duration time series retrieved from a European database of daily records and we estimate representative values of the Hurst coefficient for both variables. We conduct simultaneous generation of synthetic time series of wind speed and sunshine duration, on yearly, monthly and daily scale. To this we use the Castalia software system which performs multivariate stochastic simulation. Using these time series as input, we perform stochastic simulation of an autonomous hypothetical hybrid renewable energy system and optimize its performance using genetic algorithms. For the system design we optimize the sizing of the system in order to satisfy the energy demand with high reliability also minimizing the cost. While the simulation scale is the daily, a simple method allows utilizing the sub-daily distribution of the produced wind power. Various scenarios are assumed in order to examine the influence of input parameters, such as the Hurst coefficient, and design parameters such as the photovoltaic panel angle.

PDF Full text (549 KB)

PDF Additional material:

See also:

Our works referenced by this work:

1. D. Koutsoyiannis, Optimal decomposition of covariance matrices for multivariate stochastic models in hydrology, Water Resources Research, 35 (4), 1219–1229, doi:10.1029/1998WR900093, 1999.
2. D. Koutsoyiannis, A generalized mathematical framework for stochastic simulation and forecast of hydrologic time series, Water Resources Research, 36 (6), 1519–1533, 2000.
3. D. Koutsoyiannis, Coupling stochastic models of different time scales, Water Resources Research, 37 (2), 379–391, doi:10.1029/2000WR900200, 2001.
4. D. Koutsoyiannis, Climate change, the Hurst phenomenon, and hydrological statistics, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 48 (1), 3–24, doi:10.1623/hysj., 2003.
5. D. Koutsoyiannis, C. Onof, and H. S. Wheater, Multivariate rainfall disaggregation at a fine timescale, Water Resources Research, 39 (7), 1173, doi:10.1029/2002WR001600, 2003.
6. D. Koutsoyiannis, C. Makropoulos, A. Langousis, S. Baki, A. Efstratiadis, A. Christofides, G. Karavokiros, and N. Mamassis, Climate, hydrology, energy, water: recognizing uncertainty and seeking sustainability, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 13, 247–257, doi:10.5194/hess-13-247-2009, 2009.
7. D. Koutsoyiannis, A random walk on water, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14, 585–601, doi:10.5194/hess-14-585-2010, 2010.
8. H. Tyralis, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Simultaneous estimation of the parameters of the Hurst-Kolmogorov stochastic process, Stochastic Environmental Research & Risk Assessment, 25 (1), 21–33, 2011.
9. D. Koutsoyiannis, Hurst-Kolmogorov dynamics and uncertainty, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 47 (3), 481–495, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00543.x, 2011.
10. Y. Dialynas, S. Kozanis, and D. Koutsoyiannis, A computer system for the stochastic disaggregation of monthly into daily hydrological time series as part of a three–level multivariate scheme, European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2011, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 13, Vienna, EGU2011-290, doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.23814.98885, European Geosciences Union, 2011.
11. D. Koutsoyiannis, and A. Efstratiadis, The necessity for large-scale hybrid renewable energy systems, Hydrology and Society, EGU Leonardo Topical Conference Series on the hydrological cycle 2012, Torino, doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.30355.48161, European Geosciences Union, 2012.
12. G. Tsekouras, Stochastic analysis and simulation of hydrometeorological processes associated with wind and solar energy, Diploma thesis, 246 pages, Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering – National Technical University of Athens, October 2012.
13. C. Ioannou, Stochastic simulation and optimization of a hybrid renewable energy system, Diploma thesis, 122 pages, Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering – National Technical University of Athens, October 2012.

Tagged under: Stochastics, Water and energy