Comparative evaluation of 1D and quasi-2D hydraulic models based on benchmark and real-world applications for uncertainty assessment in flood mapping

P. Dimitriadis, A. Tegos, A. Oikonomou, V. Pagana, A. Koukouvinos, N. Mamassis, D. Koutsoyiannis, and A. Efstratiadis, Comparative evaluation of 1D and quasi-2D hydraulic models based on benchmark and real-world applications for uncertainty assessment in flood mapping, Journal of Hydrology, 534, 478–492, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.01.020, 2016.



One-dimensional and quasi-two-dimensional hydraulic freeware models (HEC-RAS, LISFLOOD-FP and FLO-2d) are widely used for flood inundation mapping. These models are tested on a benchmark test with a mixed rectangular-triangular channel cross section. Using a Monte-Carlo approach, we employ extended sensitivity analysis by simultaneously varying the input discharge, longitudinal and lateral gradients and roughness coefficients, as well as the grid cell size. Based on statistical analysis of three output variables of interest, i.e. water depths at the inflow and outflow locations and total flood volume, we investigate the uncertainty enclosed in different model configurations and flow conditions, without the influence of errors and other assumptions on topography, channel geometry and boundary conditions. Moreover, we estimate the uncertainty associated to each input variable and we compare it to the overall one. The outcomes of the benchmark analysis are further highlighted by applying the three models to real-world flood propagation problems, in the context of two challenging case studies in Greece.

Full text is only available to the NTUA network due to copyright restrictions

Our works referenced by this work:

1. D. Koutsoyiannis, N. Mamassis, and A. Tegos, Logical and illogical exegeses of hydrometeorological phenomena in ancient Greece, Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, 7 (1), 13–22, 2007.
2. D. Koutsoyiannis, N. Mamassis, A. Efstratiadis, N. Zarkadoulas, and Y. Markonis, Floods in Greece, Changes of Flood Risk in Europe, edited by Z. W. Kundzewicz, Chapter 12, 238–256, IAHS Press, Wallingford – International Association of Hydrological Sciences, 2012.
3. V. Pagana, Elaboration of flood inundation maps in Rafina basin, Postgraduate Thesis, 180 pages, Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering – National Technical University of Athens, March 2012.
4. S.M. Papalexiou, D. Koutsoyiannis, and C. Makropoulos, How extreme is extreme? An assessment of daily rainfall distribution tails, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 851–862, doi:10.5194/hess-17-851-2013, 2013.
5. A. Oikonomou, P. Dimitriadis, A. Koukouvinos, A. Tegos, V. Pagana, P. Panagopoulos, N. Mamassis, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Floodplain mapping via 1D and quasi-2D numerical models in the valley of Thessaly, Greece, European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2013, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, Vienna, EGU2013-10366, doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.25165.03040, European Geosciences Union, 2013.
6. V. Pagana, A. Tegos, P. Dimitriadis, A. Koukouvinos, P. Panagopoulos, and N. Mamassis, Alternative methods in floodplain hydraulic simulation - Experiences and perspectives, European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2013, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, Vienna, EGU2013-10283-2, European Geosciences Union, 2013.
7. A. Oikonomou, Investigation of hydraulic simulation software function in the evolution of flood plains. Apply to a study area located at Thessaly, Postgraduate Thesis, 99 pages, Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering – National Technical University of Athens, Athens, June 2013.
8. A. Efstratiadis, A. D. Koussis, D. Koutsoyiannis, and N. Mamassis, Flood design recipes vs. reality: can predictions for ungauged basins be trusted?, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 14, 1417–1428, doi:10.5194/nhess-14-1417-2014, 2014.

Our works that reference this work:

1. P. Dimitriadis, A. Tegos, A. Petsiou, V. Pagana, I. Apostolopoulos, E. Vassilopoulos, M. Gini, A. D. Koussis, N. Mamassis, D. Koutsoyiannis, and P. Papanicolaou, Flood Directive implementation in Greece: Experiences and future improvements, 10th World Congress on Water Resources and Environment "Panta Rhei", Athens, European Water Resources Association, 2017.

Other works that reference this work (this list might be obsolete):

1. Apel, H., O. Martínez Trepat, N. N. Hung, D. T. Chinh, B. Merz, and N. V. Dung, Combined fluvial and pluvial urban flood hazard analysis: concept development and application to Can Tho city, Mekong Delta, Vietnam, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 16, 941-961, doi:10.5194/nhess-16-941-2016, 2016.
2. Papaioannou , G., A. Loukas, L. Vasiliades, and G. T. Aronica, Flood inundation mapping sensitivity to riverine spatial resolution and modelling approach, Natural Hazards, 83, 117-132, doi:10.1007/s11069-016-2382-1, 2016.
3. #Santillan, J. R., A. M. Amora, M. Makinano-Santillan, J. T. Marqueso, L. C. Cutamora, J. L. Serviano, and R. M. Makinano, Assessing the impacts of flooding caused by extreme rainfall events through a combined geospatial and numerical modeling approach, The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Vol. XLI-B8, 2016, XXIII ISPRS Congress, Prague, doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-XLI-B8-1271-2016, 2016.
4. Cheviron, B. and R. Moussa, Determinants of modelling choices for 1-D free-surface flow and morphodynamics in hydrology and hydraulics: a review, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20, 3799-3830, doi:10.5194/hess-20-3799-2016, 2016.
5. Anees, M.T., K. Abdullah, M.N.M. Nawawi, N. N. N. Ab Rahman, A. R. Mt. Piah, N. A. Zakaria, M.I. Syakir, and A.K. Mohd. Omar, Numerical modeling techniques for flood analysis, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 124, 478–486, doi:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2016.10.001, 2016.
6. Skublics, D., G. Blöschl, and P. Rutschmann, Effect of river training on flood retention of the Bavarian Danube, Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 64(4), 349-356, doi:10.1515/johh-2016-0035, 2016.
7. Doong, D.-J., W. Lo, Z. Vojinovic, W.-L. Lee, and S.-P. Lee, Development of a new generation of flood inundation maps—A case study of the coastal City of Tainan, Taiwan, Water, 8(11), 521, doi:10.3390/w8110521, 2016.
8. #Cartaya, S., and R. Mantuano-Eduarte, Identificación de zonas en riesgo de inundación mediante la simulación hidráulica en un segmento del Río Pescadillo, Manabí, Ecuador, Revista de Investigación, 40(89), 158-170, 2016.
9. Javadnejad, F., B. Waldron, and A. Hill, LITE Flood: Simple GIS-based mapping approach for real-time redelineation of multifrequency floods, Natural Hazards Review, 18(3), doi:10.1061/(ASCE)NH.1527-6996.0000238, 2017.
10. Shrestha, A., M. S. Babel, S. Weesakul, and Z. Vojinovic, Developing intensity–duration–frequency (IDF) curves under climate change uncertainty: The case of Bangkok, Thailand, Water, 9(2), 145, doi:10.3390/w9020145, 2017.
11. Roushangar, K., M. T. Alami, V. Nourani, and A. Nouri, A cost model with several hydraulic constraints for optimizing in practice a trapezoidal cross section, Journal of Hydroinformatics, 19(3), 456-468, doi:10.2166/hydro.2017.081, 2017.
12. Papaioannou, G., L. Vasiliades, A. Loukas, and G. T. Aronica, Probabilistic flood inundation mapping at ungauged streams due to roughness coefficient uncertainty in hydraulic modelling, Advances in Geosciences, 44, 23-34, doi:10.5194/adgeo-44-23-2017, 2017.
13. Anees, M. T., K. Abdullah, M. N. M. Nawawi, N. N. N. Ab Rahman, A. R. Mt. Piah, M. I. Syakir, A. K. M. Omar, and K. Hossain, Applications of remote sensing, hydrology and geophysics for flood analysis, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 10(17), doi:10.17485/ijst/2017/v10i17/111541, 2017.
14. Fuentes-Andino, D., K. Beven, S. Halldin, C.-Y. Xu, J. E. Reynolds, and G. Di Baldassarre, Reproducing an extreme flood with uncertain post-event information, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21, 3597-3618, doi:10.5194/hess-21-3597-2017, 2017.
15. #Anees, M. T., K. Abdullah, M. N. M. Nordin, N. N. N. Ab Rahman, M. I. Syakir, and M. O. A. Kadir, One- and two-dimensional hydrological modelling and their uncertainties, Flood Risk Management, T. Hromadka and P. Rao (editors), Chapter 11, doi:10.5772/intechopen.68924, 2017.
16. #Papaioannou, G., A. Loukas, L. Vasiliades, and G. T. Aronica, Sensitivity analysis of a probabilistic flood inundation mapping framework for ungauged catchments, Proceedings of the 10th World Congress of EWRA “Panta Rhei”, European Water Resources Association, Athens, 2017.
17. Bangira, T., S. M. Alfieri , M. Menenti, A. van Niekerk, and Z. Vekerdy, A spectral unmixing method with ensemble estimation of endmembers: Application to flood mapping in the Caprivi floodplain, Remote Sensing, 9, 1013, doi:10.3390/rs9101013, 2017.
18. Carisi, F., A. Domeneghetti, M. G. Gaeta, and A. Castellarin, Is anthropogenic land subsidence a possible driver of riverine flood-hazard dynamics? A case study in Ravenna, Italy, Hydrological Sciences Journal, doi:10.1080/02626667.2017.1390315, 2017.
19. Kaya, C. M., G. Tayfur, and O. Gungor, Predicting flood plain inundation for natural channels having no upstream gauged stations, Journal of Water and Climate Change, doi:10.2166/wcc.2017.307, 2017.
20. Bhuyian, N. M., A. Kalyanapu, and F. Hossain, Evaluating conveyance-based DEM correction technique on NED and SRTM DEMs for flood impact assessment of the 2010 Cumberland river flood, Geosciences, 7(4), 132; doi:10.3390/geosciences7040132, 2017.

Tagged under: Floods, Hydraulic models, Most recent works, Uncertainty