Επιχειρησιακή μέθοδος υλοποίησης της Οδηγίας για τις Πλημμύρες σε αστικές περιοχές χωρίς μετρητικές υποδομές

G. Papaioannou, A. Efstratiadis, L. Vasiliades, A. Loukas, S.M. Papalexiou, A. Koukouvinos, I. Tsoukalas, and P. Kossieris, An operational method for Floods Directive implementation in ungauged urban areas, Hydrology, 5 (2), 24, doi:10.3390/hydrology5020024, 2018.

[Επιχειρησιακή μέθοδος υλοποίησης της Οδηγίας για τις Πλημμύρες σε αστικές περιοχές χωρίς μετρητικές υποδομές]

[doc_id=1829]

[Αγγλικά]

Αναπτύσσεται ένα επιχειρησιακό πλαίσιο για την εκτίμηση του πλημμυρικού κινδύνου σε αστικές περιοχές χωρίς μετρητικές υποδομές, στο πλαίσιο της υλοποίησης της Οδηγίας της ΕΕ για τις Πλημμύρες στην Ελλάδα, το οποίο επιδεικνύεται στην μητροπολιτική περιοχή του Βόλου, στην Κεντρική Ελλάδα, που επηρεάζεται συχνά από ισχυρές καταιγίδες που προκαλούν αστραπιαίες πλημμύρες. Εφαρμόζεται μια προσέγγιση σεναρίου, λαμβάνοντας υπόψη τις αβεβαιότητες σε καίριες πτυχές της μοντελοποίησης. Αυτό εμπεριέχει αναλύσεις ακραίων βροχοπτώσεων, από τις οποίες προκύπτουν χωρικά κατανεμημένες σχέσεις έντασης-διάρκειας-συχνότητας (όμβριες καμπύλες) και διαστήματα εμπιστοσύνης αυτών, και προσομοιώσεις πλημμυρών, μέσω της μεθόδου SCS-CN και της θεωρίας μοναδιαίου υδρογραφήματος, που παράγουν υδρογραφήματα σχεδιασμού σε κλίμακα υπολεκάνης, για διάφορες συνθήκες εδαφικής υγρασίας. Η διόδευση των πλημμυρικών υδρογραφημάτων και απεικόνιση των κατακλυζόμενων περιοχών υλοποιείται μέσω του μοντέλου HEC-RAS 2D, με ευέλικτη διάσταση κανάβου, αντιπροσωπεύοντας την αντίσταση που προκαλούν τα κτήρια μέσω της μεθόδου τοπικής ανύψωσης. Για όλα τα υδρογραφήματα εκτιμώνται άνω και κάτω όρια των βαθών νερού, ταχυτήτων ροής και κατακλυζόμενων εκτάσεων, για διάφορες τιμές του συντελεστή τραχύτητας. Η μεθοδολογία επαληθεύεται με βάση το πλημμυρικό επεισόδιο της 9ης Οκτωβρίου 2006, με τη χρήση παρατηρημένων δεδομένων πλημμυρικής κατάκλυσης. Οι αναλύσεις μας καταδεικνύουν ότι παρόλο που οι τυπικές προσεγγίσεις μηχανικού για λεκάνες χωρίς μετρήσεις υπόκεινται σε μείζονες αβεβαιότητες, η υδρολογική εμπειρία μπορεί να αντισταθμίσει την έλλειψη πληροφορίας, εξασφαλίζοντας έτσι αρκετά ρεαλιστικά αποτελέσματα.

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Το άρθρο αυτό κέρδισε το βραβείο Hydrology Best Paper Award για το έτος 2020 (https://www.mdpi.com/journal/hydrology/awards/850)

Εργασίες μας στις οποίες αναφέρεται αυτή η εργασία:

1. D. Koutsoyiannis, A stochastic disaggregation method for design storm and flood synthesis, Journal of Hydrology, 156, 193–225, doi:10.1016/0022-1694(94)90078-7, 1994.
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4. H. Tyralis, D. Koutsoyiannis, and S. Kozanis, An algorithm to construct Monte Carlo confidence intervals for an arbitrary function of probability distribution parameters, Computational Statistics, 28 (4), 1501–1527, doi:10.1007/s00180-012-0364-7, 2013.
5. S.M. Papalexiou, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Battle of extreme value distributions: A global survey on extreme daily rainfall, Water Resources Research, 49 (1), 187–201, doi:10.1029/2012WR012557, 2013.
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7. P. Dimitriadis, A. Tegos, A. Oikonomou, V. Pagana, A. Koukouvinos, N. Mamassis, D. Koutsoyiannis, and A. Efstratiadis, Comparative evaluation of 1D and quasi-2D hydraulic models based on benchmark and real-world applications for uncertainty assessment in flood mapping, Journal of Hydrology, 534, 478–492, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.01.020, 2016.
8. E. Michailidi, S. Antoniadi, A. Koukouvinos, B. Bacchi, and A. Efstratiadis, Timing the time of concentration: shedding light on a paradox, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 63 (5), 721–740, doi:10.1080/02626667.2018.1450985, 2018.

Εργασίες μας που αναφέρονται σ' αυτή την εργασία:

1. G. Papaioannou, L. Vasiliades, A. Loukas, A. Alamanos, A. Efstratiadis, A. Koukouvinos, I. Tsoukalas, and P. Kossieris, A flood inundation modelling approach for urban and rural areas in lake and large-scale river basins, Water, 13 (9), 1264, doi:10.3390/w13091264, 2021.
2. A. Efstratiadis, P. Dimas, G. Pouliasis, I. Tsoukalas, P. Kossieris, V. Bellos, G.-K. Sakki, C. Makropoulos, and S. Michas, Revisiting flood hazard assessment practices under a hybrid stochastic simulation framework, Water, 14 (3), 457, doi:10.3390/w14030457, 2022.

Άλλες εργασίες που αναφέρονται σ' αυτή την εργασία (αυτός ο κατάλογος μπορεί να μην είναι ενημερωμένος):

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23. Papaioannou, G., G. Varlas, A. Papadopoulos, A. Loukas, P. Katsafados, and E. Dimitriou, Investigating sea‐state effects on flash flood hydrograph and inundation forecasting, Hydrological Processes, 35(4), e14151, doi:10.1002/hyp.14151, 2021.
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25. Varlas, G., A. Papadopoulos, G. Papaioannou, and E. Dimitriou, Evaluating the forecast skill of a hydrometeorological modelling system in Greece, Atmosphere, 12(7), 902, doi:10.3390/atmos12070902, 2021.
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Κατηγορίες: Ακραία φαινόμενα, Πλημμύρες, Υδρολογικά μοντέλα, Πιο πρόσφατες εργασίες, Αβεβαιότητα