A comparison of local and aggregated climate model outputs with observed data

G. G. Anagnostopoulos, D. Koutsoyiannis, A. Christofides, A. Efstratiadis, and N. Mamassis, A comparison of local and aggregated climate model outputs with observed data, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 55 (7), 1094–1110, doi:10.1080/02626667.2010.513518, 2010.



We compare the output of various climate models to temperature and precipitation observations at 55 points around the globe. We spatially aggregate model output and observations over the contiguous USA using data from 70 stations, and we perform comparison at several temporal scales, including a climatic (30-year) scale. Besides confirming the findings of a previous assessment study that model projections at point scale are poor, results show that the spatially integrated projections do not correspond to reality any better.

PDF Full text (1309 KB)

PDF Additional material:

See also: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2010.513518

Related works:


The paper has been discussed in weblogs and forums.

Weblogs and forums that discussed this article during 2010:

  1. Very Important New Paper “A Comparison Of Local And Aggregated Climate Model Outputs With Observed Data” By Anagnostopoulos Et Al 2010 (Climate Science: Roger Pielke Sr.)
  2. New peer reviewed paper shows just how bad the climate models really are (Watts Up With That?)
  3. Missing News: No skill in climate modelling (ABC News Watch)
  4. Missing News: Climate models disputed (ABC News Watch)
  5. New peer reviewed paper shows just how bad the climate models really are (repost 1) (Countdown to critical mass)
  6. New peer reviewed paper shows just how bad the climate models really are (repost2 ) (Climate Observer)
  7. New Major Peer-Reviewed Study: Climate Models' Predictions Found To Be Shitty (C3)
  8. New peer reviewed paper shows just how bad the climate models really are - A response to the Climate Change Misinformation at wattsupwiththat.com (Wott's Up With That?)
  9. Climate model abuse (Niche Modeling)
  10. Very Important New Paper on models versus reality (Greenie Watch)
  11. New paper shows that there is no means of reliably predicting climate variables (Greenie Watch 2)
  12. A comparison of local and aggregated climate model outputs with observed data (Fire And Ice)
  13. Peer Reviewed Study States The Obvious (US Message Board)
  14. Climate models don’t work, in hindsight (Herald Sun Andrew Bolt Blog)
  15. Climate models don’t work, in hindsight (repost) (The Daily Telegraph)
  16. No abuse hides the fact:  warmist models cannot even predict our past (Herald Sun Andrew Bolt Blog 2)
  17. No abuse hides the fact: the warmist models cannot even predict our past (PA Pundits – International)
  18. Aussie rains – IPCC models are bunkum, Energy tsunami, CCNet updates, Exit EU petition (clothcap)
  19. Aussie rains – IPCC models are bunkum, Energy tsunami, CCNet updates, Exit EU petition (repost) (My Telegraph)
  20. Science not politics (ecomyths)
  21. More evidence that Global Climate computer models are worthless (Tucano's Perch)
  22. Model skill? (Retread Resources Blog)
  23. Estudo sobre modelos climáticos (MeteoPT.com - Fórum de Meteorologia)
  24. Strategie di verifica delle prestazioni dei GCM, i risultati degli idrologi dell’università di Atene (Climate Monitor)
  25. Strategie di verifica delle prestazioni dei GCM, i risultati degli idrologi dell’università di Atene (repost) (Blog All Over The World)
  26. Klima - spådommer og målinger (ABC News)
  27. "Scam for the Ages" Makes Madoff Look Like Small Change (Al Fin)
  28. Teoria do AGA: um passado duvidoso, um presente mal contado e um futuro pior ainda. (Sou Engenheiro)

Other reactions in weblogs, forums and Internet resources during 2010:

Climate Etc. * Climate Etc. (2) * Climate Etc. (3) * YouTube * Science Forum * Google Groups * Google Groups 2 * Errors in IPCC climate science * Errors in IPCC climate science (2) * Just Grounds Community * A Few Things Ill Considered * Popular Technology.net * The Climate Scam * JunkScience * The Chronicle of Higher Education * The Little Skeptic * Jennifer Marohasy * Dot Earth Blog - NYTimes.com * ICECAP * Watching the Deniers * DVD Talk * Pure Poison * Peak Oil News and Message Boards * Bishop Hill * San Diego News * Sheffield Forum * Herald Sun Andrew Bolt Blog 3 * BBC - Richard Black's Earth Watch * Liberation * Pistonheads * ABC.net.au * Climate Conversation Group * Sydsvenskan - Nyheter dygnet runt * Telepolis * Keskisuomalainen * Keskisuomalainen 2

Our works referenced by this work:

1. D. Koutsoyiannis, Climate change, the Hurst phenomenon, and hydrological statistics, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 48 (1), 3–24, doi:10.1623/hysj., 2003.
2. D. Koutsoyiannis, A toy model of climatic variability with scaling behaviour, Journal of Hydrology, 322, 25–48, 2006.
3. D. Koutsoyiannis, A. Efstratiadis, and K. Georgakakos, Uncertainty assessment of future hydroclimatic predictions: A comparison of probabilistic and scenario-based approaches, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 8 (3), 261–281, doi:10.1175/JHM576.1, 2007.
4. D. Koutsoyiannis, and A. Montanari, Statistical analysis of hydroclimatic time series: Uncertainty and insights, Water Resources Research, 43 (5), W05429, doi:10.1029/2006WR005592, 2007.
5. D. Koutsoyiannis, A. Efstratiadis, N. Mamassis, and A. Christofides, On the credibility of climate predictions, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 53 (4), 671–684, 2008.
6. D. Koutsoyiannis, C. Makropoulos, A. Langousis, S. Baki, A. Efstratiadis, A. Christofides, G. Karavokiros, and N. Mamassis, Climate, hydrology, energy, water: recognizing uncertainty and seeking sustainability, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 13, 247–257, doi:10.5194/hess-13-247-2009, 2009.
7. D. Koutsoyiannis, A. Montanari, H. F. Lins, and T.A. Cohn, Climate, hydrology and freshwater: towards an interactive incorporation of hydrological experience into climate research—DISCUSSION of “The implications of projected climate change for freshwater resources and their management”, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 54 (2), 394–405, doi:10.1623/hysj.54.2.394, 2009.
8. D. Koutsoyiannis, A random walk on water, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14, 585–601, doi:10.5194/hess-14-585-2010, 2010.

Our works that reference this work:

1. D. Koutsoyiannis, Hurst-Kolmogorov dynamics and uncertainty, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 47 (3), 481–495, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00543.x, 2011.
2. D. Koutsoyiannis, A. Christofides, A. Efstratiadis, G. G. Anagnostopoulos, and N. Mamassis, Scientific dialogue on climate: is it giving black eyes or opening closed eyes? Reply to “A black eye for the Hydrological Sciences Journal” by D. Huard, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56 (7), 1334–1339, 2011.
3. D. Koutsoyiannis, Reconciling hydrology with engineering, Hydrology Research, 45 (1), 2–22, doi:10.2166/nh.2013.092, 2014.
4. S. Ceola, A. Montanari, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Toward a theoretical framework for integrated modeling of hydrological change, WIREs Water, 1 (5), 427–438, doi:10.1002/wat2.1038, 2014.
5. Y. Markonis, S. C. Batelis, Y. Dimakos, E. C. Moschou, and D. Koutsoyiannis, Temporal and spatial variability of rainfall over Greece, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, doi:10.1007/s00704-016-1878-7, 2016.
6. D. Koutsoyiannis, and S.M. Papalexiou, Extreme rainfall: Global perspective, Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, edited by V.P. Singh, 74.1–74.16, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2017.

Works that cite this document: View on Google Scholar or ResearchGate

Other works that reference this work (this list might be obsolete):

1. Kundzewicz, Z. W., and E. Z. Stakhiv, Are climate models “ready for prime time” in water resources management applications, or is more research needed? Hydrological Sciences Journal, 55(7), 1085–1089, 2010.
2. #Liebscher, H.-J., and H. G. Mendel, Vom empirischen Modellansatz zum komplexen hydrologischen Flussgebietsmodell – Rückblick und Perspektiven, 132 p., Koblenz, Bundesanstalt für Gewässerkunde, 2010.
3. Stockwell, D. R. B., Critique of drought models in the Australian Drought Exceptional Circumstances Report (DECR), Energy and Environment, 21(5), 425-436, 2010.
4. Di Baldassarre, G., M. Elshamy, A. van Griensven, E. Soliman, M. Kigobe, P. Ndomba, J. Mutemi, F. Mutua, S. Moges, J.-Q. Xuan, D. Solomatine, and S. Uhlenbrook, Future hydrology and climate in the River Nile basin: a review, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56(2), 199-211, 2011.
5. Carlin, A., A multidisciplinary, science-based approach to the economics of climate change, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8(4), 985-1031, 2011.
6. Fildes, R., and N. Kourentzes, Validation and forecasting accuracy in models of climate change, International Journal of Forecasting, 27(4), 968-995, 2011.
7. Kundzewicz, Z. W., Nonstationarity in water resources – Central European perspective, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 47(3), 550-562, 2011.
8. Sivakumar, B., Water crisis: From conflict to cooperation – an overview, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56(4), 531-552, 2011.
9. Loehle, C., Criteria for assessing climate change impacts on ecosystems, Ecology and Evolution, 1 (1), 63–72, 2011.
10. Ward, J. D., A. D. Werner, W. P. Nel, and S. Beecham, The influence of constrained fossil fuel emissions scenarios on climate and water resource projections, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15, 1879-1893, 2011.
11. #Idso, C., R. M. Carter, and S. F. Singer, Climate models and their limitations, Climate Change Reconsidered: 2011 Interim Report of the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), Chapter 1, 32 pp., 2011.
12. #Huard, D., The challenges of climate change interpretation, Ouranos Newsletter, Montreal, Quebec, 3 pp., 21 September 2011.
13. Stakhiv, E. Z., Pragmatic approaches for water management under climate change uncertainty, JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 47(6), 1183-1196, 2011.
14. Huard, D., A black eye for the Hydrological Sciences Journal, Discussion of “A comparison of local and aggregated climate model outputs with observed data”, by G. G. Anagnostopoulos et al. (2010, Hydrol. Sci. J. 55 (7), 1094–1110), Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56(7), 1330–1333, 2011.
15. #Martin, T. E., Mine waste management in wet, mountainous terrain: Some British Columbia perspectives, Part II – Creating, managing and judging our legacy, Proceedings Tailings and Mine Waste 2011, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 2011.
16. #Kundzewicz, Z. W., Comparative assessment: fact or fiction? Paper presented at the Workshop Including long-term climate change in hydrologic design, World Bank, Washington, D.C., USA, November 21, 2011.
17. Okruszko, T., H. Duel, M. Acreman, M. Grygoruk, M. Flörke, and C. Schneider, Broad-scale ecosystem services of European wetlands — overview of the current situation and future perspectives under different climate and water management scenarios, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56(8), 1501–1517, 2011.
18. Stanislawska, K., K Krawiec, and Z. W. Kundzewicz, Modeling global temperature changes with genetic programming, Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 64(12), 3717-3728, 2012.
19. Petheram, C., P. Rustomji, T. R. McVicar, W. Cai, F. H. S. Chiew, J. Vleeshouwer, T. G. Van Niel, L.-T. Li, R. G. Cresswell, R. J. Donohue, J. Teng, and J.-M. Perraud, Estimating the impact of projected climate change on runoff across the tropical savannas and semi-arid rangelands of northern Australia, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13 (2), 483-503, 2012.
20. #Fekete, B. M., and E. Stakhiv, Water management preparation strategies for adaptation to changing climate, Climatic Change and Global Warming of Inland Waters: Impacts and Mitigation for Ecosystems and Societies, C. R. Goldman, M. Kumagai, and R. D. Robarts (eds.), 413-427, 2012.
21. #Asian Development Bank, Guidelines for climate proofing investment in agriculture, rural development and food security, 101 pp., Mandaluyong City, Philippines, ISBN 978-92-9092-900-0, 2012.
22. Hromadka, T. V., M. Jaye, M. Phillips, T. Hromadka, and D. Phillips, A mathematical model of cryospheric response to climate changes, Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 27 (2), 67-93, 2013.
23. Serrat-Capdevila, A., J. B. Valdes, F. Dominguez, and S. Rajagopal, Characterizing the water extremes of the new century in the US South-west: a comprehensive assessment from state-of-the-art climate model projections, International Journal of Water Resources Development, 29 (2), 152-171, 2013.
24. Nastos, P. T., N. Politi, and J. Kapsomenakis, Spatial and temporal variability of the aridity index in Greece, Atmospheric Research, 19, 140-152, 2013.
25. Jiang, P., M. R. Gautam, J. Zhu, and Z. Yu, How well do the GCMs/RCMs capture the multi-scale temporal variability of precipitation in the Southwestern United States?, Journal of Hydrology, 479, 13-23, 2013.
26. Nazemi, A., H. S. Wheater, K. P. Chun, and A. Elshorbagy, A stochastic reconstruction framework for analysis of water resource system vulnerability to climate-induced changes in river flow regime, Water Resources Research, 49(1), 291-305, doi:10.1029/2012WR012755, 2013.
27. Chun, K. P., H. S. Wheater, and C. Onof, Comparison of drought projections using two UK weather generators, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 58(2), 1–15, 2013.
28. Pielke, Sr. R.A., Comment on “The North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program: Overview of Phase I Results”, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(7), 1075-1077, 2013.
29. Piniewski, M., F. Voss, I. Bärlund, T. Okruszko and Z. W. Kundzewicz, Effect of modelling scale on the assessment of climate change impact on river runoff, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 58 (4), 737-754, 2013.
30. #Pielke R. A. Sr., J. Adegoke, F. Hossain, G. Kallos, D. Niyogi, T. Seastedt, K. Suding, C. Y. Wright, and D. Staley, Preface, Climate Vulnerability: Understanding and Addressing Threats to Essential Resources, Pielke, R. (editor), xxi-xxix, Elsevier Science, 2013.
31. #Lang, M. A., Renewable energy and water resources, Climate Vulnerability: Understanding and Addressing Threats to Essential Resources, Pielke, R. (editor), Vol. 3, 149-166, Elsevier Science, 2013.
32. #He, Y., F. Pappenberger, D. Manful, H. Cloke, P. Bates, F. Wetterhall, and B. Parkes, Flood inundation dynamics and socioeconomic vulnerability under environmental change, Climate Vulnerability: Understanding and Addressing Threats to Essential Resources, Pielke, R. (editor), Vol. 5, 241-255, Elsevier Science, 2013.
33. Kumar, S., P. A. Dirmeyer, V. Merwade, T. DelSole, J. M. Adams, and D. Niyogi, Land use/cover change impacts in CMIP5 climate simulations – A new methodology and 21st century challenges, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118(12), 6337-6353, 2013.
34. #Loukas, A., and L. Vasiliades, Review of applied methods for flood-frequency analysis in a changing environment in Greece, In: A review of applied methods in Europe for flood-frequency analysis in a changing environment, Floodfreq COST action ES0901: European procedures for flood frequency estimation (ed. by H. Madsen et al.), Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Wallingford, UK, 2013.
35. Ruffault, J., N. K .Martin-StPaul, C. Duffet, F. Goge and F. Mouillot, Projecting future drought in Mediterranean forests: bias correction of climate models matters!, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 117 (1-2), 113-122, 2014.
36. Nazemi, A., and H. S. Wheater, How can the uncertainty in the natural inflow regime propagate into the assessment of water resource systems? Advances in Water Resources, 63, 131-142, 2014.
37. Kundzewicz, Z. W., S. Kanae, S. I. Seneviratne, J. Handmer, N. Nicholls, P. Peduzzi, R. Mechler, L. M. Bouweri, N. Arnell, K. Mach, R. Muir-Wood, G. R. Brakenridge, W. Kron, G. Benito, Y. Honda, K. Takahashi, and B. Sherstyukov, Flood risk and climate change: global and regional perspectives, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 59(1), 1–28, 2014.
38. Grygoruk, M., U. Biereżnoj-Bazille, M. Mazgajski and J.Sienkiewicz, Climate-induced challenges for wetlands: revealing the background for the adaptive ecosystem management in the Biebrza Valley, Poland, Advances in Global Change Research, 58, 209-232, 2014.
39. Gilioli, G., S. Pasquali, S. Parisi and S. Winter, Modelling the potential distribution of Bemisia tabaci in Europe considering climate change scenario, Pest Management Science, 70(1), 1611–1623, 10.1002/ps.3734, 2014.
40. Krakauer, N. Y., and B. M. Fekete, Are climate model simulations useful for forecasting precipitation trends? Hindcast and synthetic-data experiments, Environmental Research Letters, 9(2), 024009, 2014.
41. Hughes, D. A., S. Mantel and T. Mohobane, An assessment of the skill of downscaled GCM outputs in simulating historical patterns of rainfall variability in South Africa, Hydrology Research, 45 (1), 134-147, 2014.
42. #Jiménez Cisneros, B.E., T. Oki, N.W. Arnell, G. Benito, J.G. Cogley, P. Döll, T. Jiang, and S.S. Mwakalila, Freshwater resources. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B., V.R. Barros, D.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea, and L.L. White (eds.)], Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 229-269, 2014.
43. Hromadka, T. V., H. D. McInvale, B. Gatzke, M. Phillips, and B. Espinosa, Cumulative departure model of the cryosphere during the Pleistocene, Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 06014002, 2014.
44. Nova, J., Government monopoly in science and the role of independent scientists, Energy and Environment, 25(6-7), 1219–1224, 2014.
45. #McKitrick, R., Climate Policy Implications of the Hiatus in Global Warming, Fraser Institute, 2014.
46. Galbraith, H., D. W. DesRochers, S. Brown and J. M. Reed, Predicting vulnerabilities of North American shorebirds to climate change, PLoS ONE, 9(9), 10.1371/journal.pone.0108899, 2014.
47. Yao, Y., S. Zhao, Y. Zhang, K. Jia and M. Liu, Spatial and decadal variations in potential evapotranspiration of China based on reanalysis datasets during 1982–2010, Atmosphere, 5(4), 737-754, 2014.
48. Kundzewicz, Z., and D. Gerten, Grand challenges related to assessment of climate change impacts on freshwater resources, Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 20 (1), 10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0001012, A4014011, 2015.
49. Hromadka II, T.V., H.D. McInvale, M. Phillips and B. Espinosa, Assessment of ice volume changes in the cryosphere via simplified heat transport model, American Journal of Climate Change, 3, 421-428, 2014.
50. Hesse, C., V. Krysanova, A. Stefanova, M. Bielecka and D. A. Domnin, Assessment of climate change impacts on water quantity and quality of the multi-river Vistula Lagoon catchment, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 60(5), 890-911, doi:10.1080/02626667.2014.967247, 2015.
51. Stefanova, A., V. Krysanova, C. Hesse, and A. I. Lillebø, Climate change impact assessment on water inflow to a coastal lagoon: the Ria de Aveiro watershed, Portugal, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 60(5), 929-948, 2015.
52. Hesse, C., A. Stefanova, and V. Krysanova, Comparison of water flows in four European lagoon catchments under a set of future climate scenarios, Water, 7(2), 716-746, doi:10.3390/w7020716, 2015.
53. Gelfan, A., V. A. Semenov, E. Gusev, Y. Motovilov, O. Nasonova, I. Krylenko, and E. Kovalev, Large-basin hydrological response to climate model outputs: uncertainty caused by the internal atmospheric variability, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19, 2737-2754, doi:10.5194/hess-19-2737-2015, 2015.
54. Nayak, P. C., R. Wardlaw, and A. K. Kharya, Water balance approach to study the effect of climate change on groundwater storage for Sirhind command area in India, International Journal of River Basin Management, 13(2), 243-261, doi:10.1080/15715124.2015.1012206, 2015.
55. Yu, Z., P. Jiang, M. R. Gautam, Y. Zhang, and K. Acharya, Changes of seasonal storm properties in California and Nevada from an ensemble of climate projections, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(7), 2676-2688, doi:10.1002/2014JD022414, 2015.
56. Legates, D. R., W. Soon, W. M. Briggs and C. Monckton of Brenchley, Climate consensus and ‘misinformation’: a rejoinder to agnotology, scientific consensus, and the teaching and learning of climate change, Science and Education, 24, 299-318, doi:10.1007/s11191-013-9647-9, 2015.
57. Frank, P., Negligence, non-science, and consensus climatology, Energy and Environment, 26(3), doi:10.1260/0958-305X.26.3.391, 2015.
58. Kundzewicz, Z.W., Climate change track in river floods in Europe, Proc. IAHS, 369, 189–194, 10.5194/piahs-369-189-2015, 2015.
59. Kara, F., I. Yucel, and Z. Akyurek, Climate change impacts on extreme precipitation of water supply area in Istanbul: Use of ensemble climate modelling and geo-statistical downscaling, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 61(14), 2481-2495, doi:10.1080/02626667.2015.1133911, 2016.
60. Refsgaard, J. C., T. O. Sonnenborg, M. B. Butts, J. H. Christensen, S. Christensen, M. Drews, K. H. Jensen, F. Jørgensen, L. F. Jørgensen, M. A. D. Larsen, S. H. Rasmussen, L. P. Seaby, D. Seifert, and T. N. Vilhelmsen, Climate change impacts on groundwater hydrology – where are the main uncertainties and can they be reduced?, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 61(13), 2312-2324, doi:10.1080/02626667.2015.1131899, 2016.
61. #Kundzewicz, Z. W., Climate change impacts and adaptation in water and land context, Environmental Resource Management and the Nexus Approach – Managing Water, Soil, and Waste in the Context of Global Change, H. Hettiarachchi, and R. Ardakanian (editors), 11-39, Springer, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-28593-1_2, 2016.
62. #Serrat-Capdevila, A., D. A. García Ramírez, and N. Tayebi, Key global water challenges and the role of remote sensing, Earth Observation for Water Resources Management: Current Use and Future Opportunities for the Water Sector, 9-31, doi:10.1596/978-1-4648-0475-5_ch1, 2016.
63. Jiang, P., Z. Yu, M. R. Gautam, F. Yuan, and K. Acharya, Changes of storm properties in the United States: Observations and multimodel ensemble projections, Global and Planetary Change, 142, 41–52, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.05.001, 2016.
64. Gupta, H. V., G. Sapriza-Azuri, J. Jódar, and J. Carrera, Circulation pattern-based assessment of projected climate change for a catchment in Spain, Journal of Hydrology, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.06.032, 2016.
65. #Fekete, B. M., G. Pisacane, and D. Wisser, Crystal balls into the future: are global circulation and water balance models ready?, Proc. IAHS, 374, 41-51, doi:10.5194/piahs-374-41-2016, 2016.
66. Kundzewicz, Z. W., V. Krysanova, R. Dankers, Y. Hirabayashi, S. Kanae, F. F. Hattermann, S. Huang, P. C. D. Milly, M. Stoffel, P. P. J. Driessen, P. Matczak, P. Quevauviller, and H.-J. Schellnhuber, Differences in flood hazard projections in Europe – their causes and consequences for decision making, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 62(1), 1-14, doi:10.1080/02626667.2016.1241398, 2017.
67. Grygoruk, M., and S. Rannowb, Mind the gap! Lessons from science-based stakeholder dialogue in climate-adapted management of wetlands, Journal of Environmental Management, 186, 108-119, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.10.066, 2017.
68. Hossain, F., E. Beighley, S. Burian, J. Chen, A. Mitra, D. Niyogi, R. Pielke Sr, and D. Wegner, Review of approaches and recommendations for improving resilience of water management infrastructure: the case for large dams, Journal of Infrastructure Systems, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)IS.1943-555X.0000370, 2017.
69. Gusev, Y. M., V. A. Semenov, O. N. Nasonova, and E E. Kovalev, Weather noise impact on the uncertainty of simulated water balance components of river basins, Hydrological Sciences Journal, doi:10.1080/02626667.2017.1319064, 2017.
70. Loehle, C., The epistemological status of general circulation models, Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3717-7, 2017.
71. #Shalby, A., M. Elshemy, and B. A. Zeidan, Selecting of regional climate model simulations for modeling climate change impacts on the water quality status of Lake Burullus, Egypt, Twentieth International Water Technology Conference, Hurghada, 2017.

Tagged under: Course bibliography: Hydrometeorology, Climate stochastics, Works discussed in weblogs